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Livewell Southend

Southend Preparing for Adulthood Team

The SEND Preparing for Adulthood (PfA) Team supports pupils with an EHCP and/or those who are likely to find moving on from school difficult.

The team works with young people who are in academic year 9 and above.

It also works with settings, colleges, SEND young people and their families to make sure pupils are preparing for adulthood from the age of 13.

What the team does

  • Supports SEND young people to secure appropriate post 16 provision
  • Offers training opportunities for parent/carers and professionals in relation to transition reviews.
  • Encourages young people with SEND to take part in education, employment and training.
  • Acts as PfA champions within Southend Council to encourage experiences of the workplace.
  • Promotes opportunities for supported internships, traineeships and apprenticeships. The PfA team will also organise supported employment opportunities and employment advice.
  • Works with adult and community services to increase the number of SEND young people who are engaging in paid employment.
  • Ensures that appropriate complex needs provision for SEND children and young people (Year 9 and above) is available within Southend

Being supported towards greater independence and employability can be life-transforming for children and young people with SEND.

This support needs to start early, and should centre around the child or young person’s own aspirations, interests and needs.

All professionals working with them should share those high aspirations and be clear on the support they can give to help with this.

What does the Code of Conduct say about Preparing young people for Adulthood?

The Code of Practice says preparing for adulthood means preparing for:

  • higher education and/or employment. This includes support for becoming self-employed and help from supported employment agencies
  • independent living so that young people have choice, control and freedom over their lives and the support they have. This also covers accommodation and living arrangements, including supported living
  • participating in society. This includes having friends, supportive relationships, and participating in, and contributing to, the local community
  • being as healthy as possible in adult life

As part of their support, the PfA team will make sure that the EHCP Reviews from year 9 onward, include a focus on preparing for adulthood.

Transition to Adult Care Services

The team will work with children’s and adult services, to make sure that the transition to adult care and support is:

  • well planned,
  • integrated with the annual reviews of the EHC plans, and
  • reflects special educational and health provision that is already in place to help the young person prepare for adulthood.

Involving young people in decision making

As young people develop, and form their own views, they should be more involved in decisions about their own future.

After compulsory school age, the right to make requests and decisions under the Children and Families Act 2014 applies to them directly, rather than to their parents.

Parents, or other family members, can continue to support young people in making decisions, or act on their behalf, if the young person is happy for them to do so.

It is likely that parents will remain involved in the majority of cases.

It is important for parents of young people under 18 to stay involved so the team will continue to involve them in the vast majority of decisions.

The PfA team work alongside Connexions colleagues, the Careers Enterprise Company, training providers and further education settings, to make sure that young people have the information they need about local employers, further training, and where to go for more advice or support.

Funding for SEN support

All school and academy sixth forms, sixth form colleges, further education colleges and 16-19 academies get resources to support students with additional needs, including young people with SEND.

Like mainstream schools, colleges are expected to provide appropriate, high quality SEN support using all available resources.


 Last updated: 21 Jun 2022

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