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Livewell Southend

Southend Preparing for Adulthood Team

Preparing for Adulthood Team

The Preparing for Adulthood (PfA) Team sits within the SEND Team Structure and is responsible for pupils with an EHCP and/or who are likely to find transition from school difficult. The PfA team works with young people who are in academic year 9 and above. The team works with settings, colleges, young people and their families to ensure that all pupils with SEND are preparing for adulthood from the earliest years by:

  • Supporting effective transitions of young people who may require additional help in moving on from school or those with EHC Plans, by securing appropriate provision into post 16
  • Offering training opportunities for parent/carers and professionals in relation to transition reviews from school year 9 and above
  • Encouraging young people with SEND to participate in education, employment and training.
  • Acting as PfA champion within the Local Authority to encourage experiences of the workplace.  Promoting opportunities for supported internships, traineeships and apprenticeships.  The PfA team will also work with organisations providing supported employment opportunities and employment advice.
  • Working with colleagues in adult and community services to increase the number of young people eligible for adult services engaging in paid employment
  • Ensuring that appropriate SEND provision for children and young people (School Year 9 and above) with complex needs is available within the Borough wherever possible

Being supported towards greater independence and employability can be life-transforming for children and young people with SEND.  This support needs to start early, and should centre around the child or young person’s own aspirations, interests and needs.  All professionals working with them should share high aspirations and have a good understanding of what support is effective in enabling children and young people to achieve their ambitions.

The Code of Practice says preparing for adulthood means preparing for:

  • higher education and/or employment – this includes exploring different employment options, such as support for becoming self-employed and help from supported employment agencies
  • independent living – this means young people having choice, control and freedom over their lives and the support they have, their accommodation and living arrangements, including supported living
  • participating in society, including having friends and supportive relationships, and participating in, and contributing to, the local community
  • being as healthy as possible in adult life


The PfA team will support, encourage and do all they can to make sure that young people with SEND have a successful transition into adulthood.  The PfA team do this by ensuring that the EHC plan review at Year 9, and every review thereafter, includes a focus on preparing for adulthood.

The PfA team will ensure, along with children’s and adult services, that the transition to adult care and support is well planned, is integrated with the annual reviews of the EHC plans and reflects existing special educational and health provision that is in place to help the young person prepare for adulthood.

As young people develop, and increasingly form their own views, they should be involved more and more closely in decisions about their own future.  After compulsory school age (the end of the academic year in which they turn 16) the right to make requests and decisions under the Children and Families Act 2014 applies to them directly, rather than to their parents.  Parents, or other family members, can continue to support young people in making decisions, or act on their behalf, provided that the young person is happy for them to do so, and it is likely that parents will remain closely involved in the majority of cases.

Where a young person is under 18 years of age, the involvement of parents is particularly important and the team will continue to involve them in the vast majority of decisions.

The PfA team work alongside Connexions colleagues, the Careers Enterprise Company, training providers and further education settings, so that young people have the information they need about local employers, further training, and where to go for additional advice or support.

All school and academy sixth forms, sixth form colleges, further education colleges and 16-19 academies are provided with resources to support students with additional needs, including young people with SEN and disabilities. Like mainstream schools, colleges are expected to provide appropriate, high quality SEN support using all available resources.



 Last updated: 04 Feb 2020

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