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Livewell Southend

Funding for SEN pupils in school

The majority of children and young people with SEN or disabilities will have their needs met within local mainstream schools.  Provision will range from the normal differentiated curriculum practices in the classroom to detailed programmes with advice from universal and targeted services where required.

All schools must publish details of what SEN provision is available through their SEN Information Report which is usually found on the school’s website.

Schools (including academies) are expected to meet the majority of pupils’ special educational needs using funding from their delegated budget. 

There are three elements of the delegated budget:

  • Mainstream schools use their delegated budget to provide support for all children and young people; this funding is called Element 1
  • Mainstream schools may need to use their delegated budget to provide targeted support and make provision for children and young people who have additional needs or SEND; this funding is called Element 2.
  • Mainstream schools who need to make provision for pupils with high needs (those with Education Health and Care Plans (EHCPS) will receive top up funding.  The top up funding is called Element 3.

What the Local Authority expects its educational settings to provide from within their delegated budgets - Element 1

All schools should provide quality, inclusive teaching which takes into account the learning needs of all the pupils in the classroom. It includes providing differentiated work and creating an inclusive learning environment.

Some pupils may require specific, additional and time-limited interventions to help to accelerate their progress to enable them to work at or above age-related expectations.  They are often targeted at a group of pupils with similar needs

Element 1 or Basic Entitlement Funding (previously known as Age Weighted Pupil Unit (AWPU)) is a sum a money for each pupil on roll.  Current guidance suggests that a primary school allocates 3% and a secondary school contributes 2% of Element 1 funding to the Notional SEN Fund.

What the Local Authority expects its educational settings to provide from within their delegated budgets - Element 2

Element 2 Funding is determined by a range of proxy indicators that should determine the prevalence of SEN within a particular school.

Some pupils may require specific, additional and time-limited interventions to help to accelerate their progress to enable them to work at or above age-related expectations.  They are often targeted at a group of pupils with similar needs. Where is it decided that targeted (special educational) provision is required in order for the child to make progress, and it is decided to provide a pupil with SEN support, schools should use their Notional SEN Fund.

Provision up to a cost of £6,000 per pupil is expected to be provided by the school from Elements 1 and 2 of the schools delegated budget via the Notional SEN Fund.

Top up funding for children and young people with high needs - Element 3

Element 3 funding is top up funding and is provided in addition to element 1 and 2 funding which remains the schools responsibility for funding from their delegated budget.

Mainstream schools who need to make provision for pupils with high needs (those with an Education Health Care Plan) use their Notional SEN Fund in addition to Element 3 top up funding to provide the support specified in the EHCP. 

Other settings (such as special schools) who need to make provision for pupils with an Education Health Care Plan will also receive Element 3 top up funding. 

The banding descriptors support the EHCP Multi-Agency Panel in making decisions about funding. 

Allocation of High Needs Top Up (Element 3) for pupils attending schools

From the beginning of the Autumn Term 2021 all High Needs Top up funding (element 3) for pupils with Education Health and Care Plans (EHCPS) will be determined using the new banding descriptors.

The banding descriptors are used to determine a child’s level of need. There have been created to match to the DfE categories of need listed in the SEND Code of Practice.

Five levels are identified with each level describing a range of needs that may be prevalent in a child or young person. The levels are categorised from level 0 to level 4:

  • Level 0 describes how a typically developing child with universal needs would typically present.
  • Level 1 describes how a child with additional educational needs usually but not exclusively met at SEN Support with an Individual Support Plan might present.
  • Levels 2- 4 describe how a child with special education needs may present with increasing severity with level 4 being the most severe within that category of need.

When determining a child or young person’s needs the banding descriptors are used to select the level that best describes the child or young person (using a best fit methodology).

Each of the descriptors are weighted to reflect the level of resourcing required at each level.

Once all levels are determined the banding matrix will suggest an overall funding Band.

The setting in which the pupil is placed will affect the Band proposed to ensure special school funding was in line with current agreements.

The banding descriptors support the EHCP Multi-Agency Panel to determine the level of top up funding to be allocated recognising the setting the child or young person is placed in.

Funding will be allocated in line with the ten funding bands agreed by the Southend Education Board at the meeting in June 2021.

Funding Bands and Rates equivalence updated April 2022

Band               

New amount from 2nd April 2022

1

£1,349

2

£2,620

3

£3,892

4

£6,435

5

£7,518

6

£8,978

7

£10,249

8

£11,557

9

£12,538

10

£15,994

We recognise the uniqueness of every child and funding decisions will be made in agreement with all panel members. If it is felt that the allocation of the highest band (Band 10) is not sufficient top up funding to meet need, an additional amount can be requested. All allocations in excess of Band 10 must be approved by the Head of SEND.

 Last updated: 26 May 2022

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